Our country attained freedom with the freedom fighters of India. Their struggles have given us Independent India. Free India was a dream for the Indian under the British Rule. Those freedom fighters are the backbone of our country who made us free from British Raj. Here is the list of top freedom fighters with their names and their bravery acts, sacrifices and struggles are enlisted below:
SHAHEED BHAGAT SINGH
Bhagat Singh was born on September 28, 1907, in Banga, Pakistan. Bhagat Singh an Indian socialist, is one of the most influential revolutionaries in India. To the world, he’s known as “Shaheed Bhagat Singh”. All his family members have been fought against the British Raj. Bhagat Singh took revenge for the Lala Lajpat Rai death. He gained nationwide support and response from many people. He bombarded the central legislative assembly and surrender himself. He underwent a 116 day -fast in jail for demanding equal political rights for the British and Indian political prisoners.
Sukhdev Thapar, born on 15 May 1907, was an Indian revolutionary. He was a leading member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He is amongst the most respected Indian freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the liberty of their country. Sukhdev himself took lively participation in numerous revolutionary activities just like the ‘Prison hunger strike’ in 1929. However, he could always be remembered within the chronicles of the Indian Freedom Movement for his daring yet brave assaults in the Lahore Conspiracy Case. Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru, who had been concerned in the assassination of Deputy Superintendent of Police, J.P. Saunders in 1928, consequently avenging the death of a veteran leader, Lala Lajpat Rai owing to immoderate police beating within the Conspiracy case after the Central Assembly Hall bombings in New Delhi (8 April 1929). He was hanged on 23 March 1931 at the age of 23.
NETAJI SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE
Subhash Chandra Bose was the founder of the Indian national army. born On January 23, 1897. He completed his B.A. in philosophy from Presidency College of Calcutta. Netaji was strongly influenced by Swami Vivekananda’s teachings. He passed away in the year 1945 with the slogan “Inquilab Zindabad”. He was killed by the British army.
Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier just before the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857. He was a sepoy in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) regiment of the British East India Company. In 1984, the Indian government issued a postage stamp to commemorate him. His life and actions have also been portrayed in several cinematic productions. In 1857, when a large part of India was under the control of the British East India Company. He is a sepoy in the arm Of East India Company.
Rani Lakshmibai was born on 19 November 1828 in the holy town of Varanasi. She was nicknamed as Manu. She formed an army of 14000 rebels. She becomes the icon of the Indian Independence Movement due to her courage and her progressive views on women’s empowerment during the 19th century in India. She died during the battle for Gwalior that took place near Phool Bagh area of Gwalior on 18 June 1858.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, born on 2nd October 1869, was better known as “the father of the nation”. He lived a very simple life and only wore a traditional dhoti. He influenced important leaders and conducted political non-cooperation movements like the Dandi march that included abolishing taxes on salt and achieved the independence in the year 1947. He died on 30 January, 869 at Rajghat, New Delhi.
LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI
Lal Bahadur Shashtri was born on 2nd October in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh. He actively took part in the non-cooperation movement along with Gandhiji for abolishing laws on salt and was jailed. He led the country during the Indo-Pakistan war of 1965. His famous slogan was “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”. Shashtri enrolled himself as a life member of the servants of the people society and later he became the president.
Sarojini Naidu Chattopadhyay was born on 13 February 1879 was a freedom fighter. In 1925, Naidu presided over the annual session of Indian National Congress at Cawnpore (now Kanpur). In 1929, she presided over East African Indian Congress in South Africa. She was awarded the Kaisar-I-Hind Medal by the British government for her work during the plague epidemic in India. In 1931, she participated in the second round-table conference with Gandhiji and Madan Mohan Malviya. She was in jail, along with Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Madan Mohan Malaviya, and others for participating in the Salt March. She was an active member in the Civil Disobedience Movement. In 1942, she was arrested during “Quit India”.Sarojini Naidu began writing at the age of twelve. Her poems were admired by prominent Indian politicians like Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
Dadabhai Naroji was known as the “Grand Old Man of India”. He was born in the year 1825 and was one of the best intellectual educator and cotton trader. He was one of the members in Parliament of United Kingdom during the years 1892 – 1895. He was one of the founders of Indian National Congress along with A.O. Hume and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha.
Rajendra Prasad, born in the year 1884, was the first president of Republic India. He joined the Indian National Congress during the Independence movement. He was sent to jail for the Quit India and Satyagraha movement in 1931 and 1942 respectively. He was the president of Indian National Congress during 1934- 1935. He died in the year 1963.
Tipu Sultan was born in 1750. He fought against Marathas on several occasions between 1775 and 1779. During the second Mysore War, he vanquished Col. John Brathwaite on the banks of the Kollidam (Coleroon) River (February 1782). On May 4, 1779, Tipu’s capital was stormed by British led forces. Tipu died leading his troops in the breach. He succeeded his father in December 1782 and in 1784 concluded peace with the British and assumed the title of Sultan of Mysore.
Kasturba Gandhi was born on 11 April 1869. Married at the age of 14 years to Gandhiji, she took part in various movements with Gandhiji. In 1922, Kasturba participated in a Satyagraha movement in Borsad, Gujarat. Kasturba continued to fight for independence even though her health didn’t allow it. She was behind the bars against for participating in the Quit India movement in 1942.
PANDIT JAWAHAR LAL NEHRU
Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889. He emerged as a paramount leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi. Being the prime minister, he makes sure to realise his vision for India. Nehru played a major role in the development of the internationalist of Indian independence struggle.
BAL GANGADHAR TILAK
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, born in the year 1920. By profession, he was an Indian journalist, social informer, lawyer and an independent activist. The British authorities called him the “ father of Indian unrest” He was one of the first advocates of the Swaraj movement. He gave the slogan “Swaraj” is my birthright and I shall have it!” He was married to Tapibai in the year 1871, and soon after, his wife changed her name to Satyabhamabai. He passed away in the year 1920 at the age of 64.
Indira Gandhi, born on 19 November 1917, was a central figure of Indian national congress. She went to war with Pakistan in support of the Independence Movement and War Of Independence in East Pakistan, which resulted in an Indian victory and the creation of Bangladesh. In 1980, she returned to power after free and fair elections. She was killed by one of her own bodyguards in the year 1984.
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